The United Nations defines gender-based violence as any act that “results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivations of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.” Gender-based violence is largely male-patterned violence and can include the victimization of women, girls, men, boys, adolescents, and lesbian, gay, transgender, and gender non-conforming people.
The Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence analyzes the types and dynamics of gender violence in Asian and Pacific Islander communities including domestic violence, sexual violence, domestic violence related homicide, abusive international marriages, elder abuse, HIV & IPV, forced marriage, and trafficking. We also analyze the cultural contexts, barriers and issues API survivors from immigrant, refugee, LGBTQ, Muslim, and ethnic-specific groups face.
Types of Gender Based Violence
The term gender-based violence reflects the idea that violence often serves to maintain structural gender inequalities, and includes the victimization of women, girls, men, boys, adolescents, and lesbian, gay, transgender, and gender non-conforming people. Gender-based violence is largely male-patterned violence and influences or is influenced by gender relations.
Relationships are complex, and love, affection, and commitment can still be part of relationships despite the violence. Sometimes, these positive elements are the foundation for change. Women and other survivors seek help to reclaim their power, by breaking their isolation to seek support, escape the abuse, and find ways to keep themselves and their children safe. Abusers struggle to change, couples try to restore balance and equality, friends and family step in: these and other struggles strengthen our collective hopes for violence-free lives.